Traumatic Brain Injury
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skip breadcrumbHome > Students > Disability Resources & Services > Traumatic Brain Injury

 Disability Resources & Services


​Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)                    

What is it?

  • Caused by a blow or jolt to the head, or
  • Penetration by a foreign object
  • Disrupts normal brain function

      Mild Brain Injury: 

    • Loss of consciousness shorter than 30 minutes, and/or
    • Confusion and disorientation for less than 30 minutes, and/or
    • MRI and CAT scans look normal, and/or
    • Cognitive problems such as difficulty thinking, memory problems, mood swings 

      Severe Brain Injury: 

    • Loss of consciousness for more than 30 minutes, and/or
    • Memory loss lasting more than 24 hours, and/or
    • Arm and leg function compromised
    • Abnormal speech or language problems
    • Loss of thinking ability or emotional problems

The leading causes of TBI are... 

  • Falls (28%)
  • Motor vehicle-traffic crashes (20%)
  • Struck by/against events (19%)
  • Assaults (11%)

What does it look like? 

  • Difficult remembering, concentrating, making decisions
  • Difficulty organizing, prioritizing, sequencing
  • Slowness in thinking, speaking, acting, reading
  • Getting lost or easily confused
  • Feeling tired all of the time, having no energy, motivation
  • Mood changes (feeling sad or angry for no reason)
  • Light-headedness, dizziness, loss of balance
  • Increased sensitivity to lights, sounds, distractions
  • Blurred vision or eyes that tire easily 

Also see Academic Tips for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)