Learning Disabilities
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 Disability Resources & Services


Learning Disabilities: Math, Reading, Writing                     

What is it?

  • Inability to learn, perform, or produce work equal to potential/intelligence
  • Below average IQ + below average performance = no LD
  • Above average IQ + below average performance = possible LD
  • Neurological disorders, lifetime issues
  • Global or specific in math, reading, or writing

      Math Disability

     What does it look like? 

    • Unreliable written computations 
    • Inconsistent calculations 
    • Persistent trouble memorizing basic number facts 
    • Unreliable attention to operational signs 
    • Inability to sequence steps in complex operations 
    • Inability to grasp language aspects of math 

      Reading Disability/Dyslexia

      What does it look like? 

    • Unaware of sounds in words, sound order, rhymes, or sequence of syllables 
    • Difficulty decoding (single word identification) or encoding (spelling) words 
    • Poor sequencing of numbers or letters (b-d, sing-sign, soiled-solid, 12-21, 6-9) 
    • Imprecise/incomplete interpretation of auditory language 
    • Poor reading comprehension 
    • Difficulty expressing thoughts orally or written
    • Confusion about directions in space/time (right/left, up/down, yesterday/tomorrow)
    • Struggles with handwriting
    • Problems sequencing steps, directionality, or language of mathematics
    • Confusion with right or left handedness

      Writing Disability/Dysgraphia

      What does it look like? 

    • Tight, awkward pencil grip and body position 
    • Produced illegible handwriting 
    • Avoids writing or drawing tasks 
    • Tires quickly when writing 
    • Speaks words out loud while writing
    • Uses unfinished words in sentences
    • Omits words in sentences
    • Unorganized thoughts on paper
    • Unorganized syntax, structure, grammar

Also see Academic Tips for Learning Disabilities