Brief Biographies of Narrators
Overview of 1600s/1700s
Overview of 1800s
Overview of 1900s
Describe your family background.
What kinds of jobs have you held?
What began your interest in serving the community?
Describe the organizations/activism you've been involved in.
Why did you decide to get involved in the area you did?
What have been your greatest challenges?
What have been your greatest successes?
Describe one of your best/worst experiences as a leader/activist.
Discuss the role of being a woman in your leadership/activism.
How have you seen women's roles change?
What advice would you give young women today?
What would you like to add that we haven't covered?
|Describe the organizations/activism you've been involved in.
Narrator: Rita Bresnahan
Interviewer: Esther Baca
EB: What was your involvement in the sanctuary movement?
RB: When I was finishing my Master's degree at ASU, I was reading about the women's sanctuary movement, and about the women who were going to trial. Men too--but I was especially interested in what motivated these women; they were facing up to 30 years in prison. So I got in touch …I don't remember how, but you make contacts with people when you are an activist…I met Sister Darlene McGorthy (spelling?) and I interviewed her.
I can tell you how I got my questions and everything. I met a woman through a friend, Carolyn (unclear last name) …she was doing post-doctorate work with Carol Gilligan at Harvard. She (Gilligan) wrote in In a Different Voice and she developed the idea through her research the fact that more women come from the ethic of care and men come from the ethic of justice. And another prominent male theorist had to admit that Gilligan was right; so she became quite a name (in feminist studies). So Carolyn said I had to come to Harvard with her when I told her I was working on the sanctuary movement. She told me Carol Gilligan and her partner were giving a workshop; so there I was! It was wonderful. I was the only one there working on a lowly Master's; they were all working on their doctorates. Or post-doctoral projects. They helped me on my questions because I was researching moral development issues too with the trial.
And then Sister Darlene gave me the names, and all together I interviewed 12 women. Now 6 of them went on trial…I had one day off per week (Wednesdays) and I would go down to the trial in Tucson with my tape recorder and everything and ask them my questions. They would tell me their story, what they did, how they felt about their work, what motivated them. And so anyway, I interviewed 12. Some were un-indicted co-conspirators. They had been transporting and helping refugees; but for one reason or another the government chose not to pursue them. I think because the publicity would have been so bad. One had a husband dying of cancer. That was Shirley Tung; she's the only one who's still around. Shirley is the only one I've kept in contact with over the years. When her husband was dying of cancer she had 2 little kids. She thought that maybe with the responsibility she was going to have, maybe she should stop her involvement and her husband encouraged her to go on. He told her it was important work that she was doing. So she's been an activist ever since. So the women were truly inspiring.
And as Sister Darlene said, it really was a woman's movement because the women did the grunt work. So the sanctuary workers started out finding the refugees and giving them food. And when the men would apply for amnesty (they were from Central America) to be allowed to stay because they were victims of persecution…because if you are afraid to return to your country because of fear of reprisal, then you have a right to stay under the Geneva Convention. Originally what the sanctuary people did was to give them money to file their case. And what they found is they would be turned down and sent back. And so Darlene and several of the nuns had worked in Central America but had to leave because people from their congregation had been killed. She went to Mexico and found refugee camps for those who had fled Central America; people were living in horrible conditions. She knew what was happening. When they went on trial, the judge ruled they couldn't tell any of the stories they knew from Central America or anything they knew about the refugees. They couldn't discuss their religious motivations because they were Christians, and they believed they were living the gospel to help their brother and sister. And so, they never spoke through the trial.
I thought it was such as travesty: another chapter in the history of women being silenced. So the nuns chose to be silent. And the worst was seeing the refugees being brought in who were turned in by an informant. The worst one was Jesus Cruz--he was a maggot--he was charming and seemed caring and came in as a volunteer. So he would transport refugees and then document where he would take them. By then they had an underground railroad through parts of the country. But when it came time for the trial to give testimony about who had helped them…he would go visit them. He would hand the refugees a piece of paper and say "Come to talk to INS and immigration service, you'll get a work permit." What he was really doing was handing them a summons to the trial. The refugees didn't know. And here the people would come in to the trial who the sanctuary workers had helped and the refugees would testify against them. They were under oath to tell the truth. The refugees felt so badly. Sister Darlene said one man made her a beautiful cloth to pay penance for testifying against her. Sister Darlene got the worst sentence--5 years of probation. She said, "All I am guilty of is guilty of love." It was such a travesty and so political. The nuns said they never saw it as political; they saw it as helping people.
Narrator: Mary Black
Interviewer: Betty McAllister
BA: How did you get involved in child welfare services?
MB: Well what happened, when I worked for the state of Arizona, I worked for the Department of Economic Security. I had a lot of experience there when I got hired. When I first got involved in my field, my first job was with a food stamps agency. There were so many people you can't help in that agency. There were these moms from all ethnic groups…they would come to my desk and cry because they weren't married or their husbands had left them or the child support wasn't enough…or they had no job/work experience. Then I became a foster care, adoption worker. That was one of my favorite jobs for years. My first experience with foster care was with one of my aunts back home. She had been a foster care mom. And when I would go visit those kids, they would become my friends …I just loved that. I thought how intriguing it was to now be the foster care worker. I did foster care adoptions, then I became a child care protection services worker. That's when you go out to remove kids and protect their rights and I enjoyed that. I've been so lucky that every job I've had, I always enjoyed it. I knew I loved this kind of work and that I was making a difference.
Then in 1981, a friend of mine who worked for the state as a administrator called me about a federal government program to host a regional meeting in California about the representation of black children in the adoption/foster care system. He asked me if I would be interested in representing Arizona for this group. I agreed to go because I was a little arrogant…I thought I could use a free vacation! I thought I was going to the beach! By the time they sent my name in and I was going, a professor from UCLA in charge of this work group sent us advanced assignments to prepare for the meeting. The assignment included going to the state office to find out how many black children were in the adoption system awaiting adoption, how many black adopted homes there were, how many black children were in foster care, etc. We had to look at a whole bunch of questions and data. That was a huge eye-opener for me. We are talking huge! I was not aware that we had so few resources for African-American children. Because what the data showed at that time was there were only 7 black homes in the whole of Arizona awaiting adoption. And there were 500 white homes awaiting adoption and 14 latino homes awaiting adoption. It also said of all the black kids being adopted at that time, 64% were being adopted by white families. Of the latino children being adopted, 60% were being adopted by white families. The other children were just languishing in the foster care system. This was the first time I saw the bigger picture. This woke me up. My whole attitude changed about why I was going to this meeting. I realized there was so little being done. We were put in a leadership role to come up with what we could do and to look at the barriers to what was keeping black folk from adopting and acting as foster parents and to set up programs to overcome these challenges.
The professor told me I was the pioneer to go back to Arizona to do something. It was like fire--I had grown up in the Civil Rights Movement. I came from Louisiana. I thought--I am supposed to do this. I cannot NOT do something. So I came back, and I'm the only black person in my unit. I went to my supervisor who was white, and told him I need to make a difference. We need to get more black families in the system. He told me that black families only make up about 3% of Arizona's population. I told him that black children were overrepresented in the adoption system. He told me it wasn't that many children and to focus on raising my own 2 sons (I was divorced at the time). I knew he wasn't going to give me the support I needed. I got my support from this out of state group, which kept encouraging me to do something. So I wrote up a proposal and took it to the district office and a state administrator. I had to go back again and again; I was getting mad. I thought "How dare you say no!" I was stressed and I had nobody I could talk to in my area. I went back again and the administrator said yes but they would give me no money, no budget…just a desk and a chair. I said "Okay." I thought it was worth trying, and if I didn't try I would always wonder. I saw it as an opportunity. I was a young woman who had never done anything like that before. But I saw it as a calling…I realized I needed to get the word out to the community and went through the printing offices and PR departments, and I got the word out. I learned to work through local preachers, and I would ask them if I could address their congregations on Sundays. Immediately reporters were calling me. They were taking my picture in the paper. I was getting all these calls. By the time I'm done I had a long list (of interested families)…This project went on for 3 years and I was involved in national conferences. We had placed about 100 kids…
Narrator: Nancy Sheridan
Interviewer: Amanda Butler
AB: We selected you because you were involved in the community, when did your interests start and what organizations were you involved in?
NS: I think that between my mother and my maternal mother, the mother that was living with us and growing up, they were always helping other people and in those days there weren't women's clubs like there are today. They always seemed to find out about someone needing something, whether it was food or clothing. That got me interested and later in Girl Scouts where we did some projects for the poor and some other agencies. The experience opened my eyes so that when I was teaching high school I spent all of my time before and after school with clubs helping kids. Then when we moved back to the Phoenix area I got involved in the Maricopa County Medical Auxiliary and became chair of many of the committees there and on the state level. Then I helped at a junior women's club in South Phoenix where my husband was in practice. I got to see the sights and needs of the community at that particular point. Then, when we moved back to Vermont I helped with the Medical County Auxiliary and became the president for four years. When we moved back to Arizona I settled in Mesa, so it was not convenient for me to be on the board because they meet on the other side of Phoenix , and with little children that was not easy to do. So I formed an extension of the auxiliary in the Mesa area for Tempe , Chandler , and Mesa and I was the president of that for seven years. We did a lot of community projects, and collected all types of medical equipment and drugs to send to the community.
At the point when my children were old enough, where I didn't have to worry about babysitters and so forth, I joined a club called MAHNAH, which is a Hopi word for "leading women of the tribe". I joined that in 1976 and I am still active in that; I held all the offices at that time. And when I was elected president I decided that we had a wonderful group of women, I think there were about 75 of us, and there was so much talent in this group. For many years they had raised money to start various human services in the Valley. I thought that they were more capable than just raising the money, so I looked into the needs of the East Valley. Two were at the top of the list: one was an agency for abused children and the other was for domestic violence. We looked into it and decided that the center for children could be done quicker than the other. So, we got started on raising money and I went to the Mesa Community Council and they became my mentors.
Then a year and a half later, we opened our doors and we had a little apartment like place that the Mesa Lutheran Hospital had loaned to us. We remodeled it and opened it with seven beds. It was amazing how many people tried to discourage us from these projects, because back in those days there wasn't anything in the news about child abuse. So a lot of people were very upset with us, and they said that there weren't any abused children. I think a lot of people were afraid of admitting it in those days. We soon were full and we went to eleven beds and those became full so we bought some property and the hospital also gave us a piece of their property. We had a large fundraiser and opened with 24 beds and then those beds were full and so we built on to that up into the 30's and then we decided that that was all we were going to do because we didn't want to become too institutional. We took children through the age of eleven but because of the state and child protective services the rules changed, so now we take children from birth to ten. And so we have had over 1,500 children through our project in these 25 years and next month we celebrate our 25th anniversary.
I have had many years on the board with Mesa Community Council and that was helping United Way look at what was available in the community and what the needs were and helping the agencies that were already there. It was sort of an arm in helping raise the funds and I think they did a wonderful job. I give them a lot of credit and I think shutting that down was a horrible mistake. Now my chapter and I do all the fundraising for women's education here in Sun Lakes and the funds go to women from foreign countries with higher education such as masters and PhD's, and then we make sure they go back to their countries. We have a junior college in Missouri and we make sure women can also go back to school to get their last two years of education. Later, in Sun Lakes I worked for Save the Family Foundation of Arizona, an agency that houses families and women from domestic violence. The foundation helps them find jobs and get their feet on the ground to get back out on their own. The only rule is that these women have to have children. Through Save the Family I met my second husband and he helped them with fund raising. We fell in love and married, and I moved and retired from the Wallace Foundation and moved to Sun Lakes in June of '97…There was only one non-profit out here and so I decided to transfer my membership to Sun Lakes, and I was asked to be on the board of Neighbors Who Care; they are the only Human service in South Chandler. This service group delivers meals and they offer transportation services. I have been on that board for nine years. Last year I was asked to be Chairman of the board, and I have worked harder there than I have for any job that I have ever been paid for.
Narrator: Terry Saba
Interviewer: Blair Kowalinski
BK: Describe community activism efforts that you have been involved in?
TS: The Chandler Unified School District School Board, Chandler Service
Club, PEO-Philanthropic Educational Organization, church activities.
One thing that was very rewarding, three and a half years ago my daughter and her oldest son and I went to Tonga to help with a medical Christian mission.
Narrator: Shirley Tung
Interviewer: Katharine Couitt
KC: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in? When were you involved in these? To what extent?
ST: In the early '80's I was involved from about '81 to when the sanctuary trials began. They were in '85, and I think when they all finished was in '87. There were still issues, and I got involved with the Central Americans coming across the Mexican/American border. Now the Mexicans are dying in the desert so again that for me was unconscionable that we allow people to die in the desert so I got involved with Humane Borders and Border Links. Border Links is a group or an organization that took off where sanctuary left off and educated North America about what is happening between countries, and the border issues. They take people down to see what life was like on the other side of the border. You could go for a day, two days, or two weeks on the other side of the border. Many churches and many groups do that. So I am involved with that and trying to keep that organization going so that is why I sell the things I do to help support all these different organizations. The other one is Humane Borders; this group puts water out in the desert for the Mexicans that are crossing because they are obviously without water. In 15 minutes you can die in the desert without water. Right now we have 90 stations of water through the southern part of Arizona, and Yuma. Actually I don't put the water out; that's more for the people in the Tuscan area. So my involvement is earning the money to keep up the trucks for the many things the hundreds of volunteers need that go out and change the water every 6 days. Well that's a lot of work and I am not down there so I don't do that. There is a group here from Phoenix that does do some work in that line and that's down in the Casa Grande area. So they go out and maintain the water stations there. I have not gone out with them; again I don't do the hands on like I did in the early days. In the early days of sanctuary when people were first coming we would take food out and we would buy hundred pound sacks of beans and divvy them up and deliver them to different families and try to go to all the different camps. I don't do the hands on anymore because I just got too involved doing the major fundraising.
Narrator: Sue Sossaman
Interviewer: Jessica Rogers
JR: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in? When were you involved in these? To what extent?
SS: Well I have my cheat sheet with me so I can remember some of the things that I was involved in. I belonged to the Junior Women's Club and we did quite a few things there. As women worked outside of the home it was difficult to get women volunteers. However, it [Junior Women's Club] was an organization of young married women who volunteered in community literacy programs; around Christmas time we would do Christmas baskets and things like that. Then I was asked to belong to Chandler Service Club, which is the only service club in Chandler. We did the "Save the Money for Scholarships" for Chandler High School. There are three scholarships there and I believe we have one at Chandler Gilbert. We still have something that I started in the Service Club and that is where we buy shoes and jackets for children who could not afford them. We worked through the nurses at the schools to get the names of children.
JR: That is so great!
SS: One of the things I have to remind myself is that many years ago, about thirty years, I was asked to help with a group that ended up being called Human Action for Chandler. That was about the time low-income housing was being promoted and that sort of thing. I helped with that and was on the board of directors getting people welfare checks, helping them gain access to qualify, and also helping the children.
Narrator: Cindy Barnes Pharr
Interviewer: Trevor Frost
TF: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in. When were you involved in these and to what extent?
CBP: Well, first off, as soon as I graduated from ASU I got involved in the Alumni Association for the local public programs chapter so I could learn to network with other people in recreation and public policy and communication. You know the more you network, the more it leads to other job developments and people you know, so I got involved with that and stayed involved for 11 or 12 years. Then I got very involved with the Youth Soccer League and got on the board of directors as soon as I graduated from college. I've been on that board for almost 19 years and have helped build a 25 acre soccer complex that is at the corner of Greenfield and Germann. That is the home of our youth soccer league that I've helped raise about 450 thousand dollars in cash with another quarter of a million dollars in contributions, and I helped grow the soccer league from 600 kids to 2500 kids with a competitive traveling program that is helping to make a name for the good town of Gilbert.
I've been involved in the town's open space and trail committee that they have had for at least 6 or 7 years. I've been on the parks board for 6 years and have continued to make a difference for open space trails. I've helped be an advocate for the Riparian Institute in other things that we are trying to do with open space.
I've been the homeowner's association president for my neighborhood. I think I was the HOA president for 5 years when I was 25 to 30 and really helped that neighborhood pull together an organization where we were able to be a more friendly community neighborhood. We were the first neighborhood to get annexed in the town of Gilbert just last February. I now I serve on the Phoenix Women's Sports Association Board. I serve on the Drug Free for Arizona Board, and I serve on the Make a Difference Board. All of these are volunteer activities for me. The PWSA and the Make a Difference boards are my two boards that I do as part of Qwest because those are working with volunteers and corporations and helping to make a difference for lower income people or kids that might be underserved, like girls.
Narrator: Sandra Simmons
Interviewer: Lia Troisi
LT: Are you still involved in any of these groups or causes today?
SS: Well, no. After I moved out here to go to graduate school, I turned my focus to more professional arenas, being a working mom with limited time. The organization I first went to work with after graduate school was the Center Against Sexual Abuse. I was the founder and director of that organization, and had an opportunity through CASA to have an impact, educating physicians, police officers, and the general community about rape and rape prevention. We also, more importantly, changed case law and statutory law to prevent the use of victims' past sexual history as evidence. So I got to participate in a state Supreme Court case as an expert witness, giving testimony that resulted in the changing of the case law. When they started to reform the criminal code, we participated in getting it written into the statute.
LT: What prompted being more involved sexual abuse interest?
SS: Well my involvement with the consciousness raising group, I became more aware of women's issues and I had read a lot bout that and I had an interest in rape and the victims. Although I have never been a victim of rape, I had read a lot about it and one of my instructors put me into touch with this organization which got me started.
Narrator: Nancy Marion
Interviewer: Ashley Kearn
AK: Describe some organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in.
NM: I started out by becoming involved in Nazarene Outreach Ministries as a Board member coordinating food outreach to the poor and disadvantaged. We coordinated and led multiple you mission trips to Mexico, doing everything from medical interventions to housing construction. I was on the Board for Volunteers against Violence (domestic violence), The Salvation Army (homelessness), Old Town Outreach Mission (homelessness), and the House of Refuge East (homelessness and domestic violence). In May 2000 I was invited to become Executive Director of the House of Refuge East and have held this position since that day.
AK: Are you still involved in community activism today?
NM: Yes, through multiple organizations, networking, and collaborations that are needed to promote the advancement of this important work.
Narrator: Frances Pickett
Interviewer: Elias Ewert
EE: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in.
FP: We turned that [Queen Creek old school] into a historical society now. The school district was going to tear it down and I begged them to keep it because that school [was] built in 1924 or 1925... When they gave it to the six of us women, [we] joined together to form the historical society, and so the district sold it to us for 1 dollar. When we opened that front door, it was stacked clear to the ceiling with junk tires and junk radiators and car parts and old heaters and desks and garage doors. Everything you could think of. It took us nearly a year to get it all cleaned out... but we saved some of the desks... We tried to keep some of each kind of desk, but we still got the same original teacher desks.
Narrator: Susan Bachus
Interviewer: Jacey Henderson
JH: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in? When were you involved in these? To what extent?
SB: The Mahnah organization itself was founded in 1954, and they founded the Mark Center here in Mesa. The Mahnah Group is a women's organization that took its name from the Hopi word Mahnah, meaning "leading women of the tribe". They have done a lot of work on the Indian reservation and in 1981 they founded the Child Crisis Foundation. They have won the Honkachina service award, which is a very prestigious award, and it is only given out once a year. Then we became affiliated with Save the Family Foundation. My role in the organization has really been to work with these two charities and raise money for them to help the people who need it. We hold a black tie fundraiser which I have chaired, we raffle off a car, we do a fashion show, and do a lot of community events which all the money we raise is given to these charities…..we keep nothing. We also raise money so we are able to give out scholarships to all the Mesa schools. This year I am President of the Mahnah Club and we have 45 active members and 65 sustaining members. It is a women-only organization, and there is such a sisterhood that has been formed. It is truly a great organization, and I am blessed to be apart of it.
Interviewer: Gabi Porter
GP: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have been involved in? When were you involved in these? To what extent?
AZ: Sort of peripherally, but not in an organized way, some animal rights efforts, and as a part of the feminist, gay stuff, and anti-classist, and anti-racist activities that we were involved as sort of representatives for the women's movement. There were lots of activities that we did--prisoner's rights, we wrote for newspapers--movement newspapers, that is, not for mainstream papers. So just about everything that was going on in the seventies was filtering through this community of activists. So, at that time, there were anti-war protests going on, there were lots of actions having to do with the Black Power movement, there were trials that we attended, there were women prisoners that we went to visit in New York-Bedford Hills--just about everything that affected the women's movement and the gay movement we were involved in.
GP: Was your community more of an official organization, or more of a group of like-minded friends?
AZ: It always starts out in an organization, and then you meet people, and then you decide whether to work within the organization or to branch out and do things separately--literally, as separatists. The more radical we got, the less incorporated we were into the mainstream movements, the mainstream radical movements-if that's not a contradiction in terms. So, there were lots of arguments going on those days. Like, feminism, there was a big debate about whether gay feminists should be spokespeople for feminism. And maybe it's a little hard to picture that now, I don't know, but in those days it was fierce. Leaders like Betty Freidan hated the gays, and they kicked us out of the organizations, and they used to trash us, publicly. And then there were those who didn't feel that way. So, this was a big debate. The movement, and when I say movement I mean the women's movement, was also very white. And so radicals, so called radicals, were constantly talking about class and race and how those divisions affected everybody. And then as time passed and all of these constituencies were better represented, different issues began to pop up, what became differently-abled or handicapped people, overweight people, and groups that were on the fringes of the fringes. So once the dykes made inroads into the feminist community, that sort of opened the gate for lots of other discussions.
Narrator: Linda B. Rosenthal
Interviewer: Meredith Miller
MM: Describe the organizations that you have been involved in.
LBM: When my children were 5, 3, and 2 years old, I became active in the League of Women's voters and then, of course, my children's school things and little by little I got involved in the Women's Political Caucus. Then, working up until 1978 when I ran for legislature in the Republican Primary, unsuccessfully. But in '79 I was approached to run for the community college board, which is a non-partisan race and I won. I was re-elected in '84 and in 1990-'96 to 2002 and I am good until '08. I am in my 27th year of trusteeship.
Narrator: Kathy MacAvoy
Interviewer: John Flores
JF: What activism have you been involved in?
KA: I became very active in things like 25 years ago I had marched on the first march on Washington for abortion rights. That was during those years at Acron I think or was it Ohio State. I also was involved with something called back then, I think it was War on Rape. It was one of those student activist groups that has picket signs and marches and protests and has the "Take Back the Night." They were, whatever the group's name is, it's the group who became the "Take Back the Night," are you familiar with what that is?
JF: I've heard of it….I can't say that I'm very familiar with it.
KA: College campuses still do it, and you walk around and have a little candle like you might have at a church or Christmas Eve service. It's a silent vigil in the darkness and lists of women's names that have been raped and murdered or whatever are read outloud. It's very solemn. Very somber. So, I participated in things like that and definitely right then is when Roe verses Wade was being challenged was during my bachelor's degree. So there were enormous rallies all over the country and that's when the first march on Washington was organized.
But I was a bachelor's degree student and I got on a bus, and what astounded me most was the variety of ages on the bus. It wasn't just college students like me or traditional college aged students; there were women old enough to be my grandma on that bus. From Ohio to Washington D.C. it was a long bus drive, and we did it over night. So, we stopped at a truck stop or rest stop along the way; you know every woman on there had to go to the bathroom and it was probably 99% women on the bus. Except the bus driver, he was the only man. The older women, the women who had probably gone through movements in the 60's, said, "Hey it's no problem; you just take over the men's bathroom." I was astounded. There were lines of women at the women's restroom and the men's, and I thought, "Why didn't I think of that?" So, it was an awakening for me. It was part of my awakening process but at the time I believe, like most people, that feminism was linked to political causes. And I think that what I eventually realized here now at the ripe old age of 42, is that feminism, and if it isn't about this, it ought to be, but feminism is about being allowed to define yourself. Whoever you are. Your race, your gender, your nationality, I don' t care, your religion, having the right to define yourself. And as long as it's not being violent to other people, being allowed to have that.
Narrator: Mary Lou Timma
Interviewer: Kandi Kastl-Manuel
KKM: Describe the organizations and community activism efforts that you have involved in? When were you involved in these? To what extent?
MT: They're pretty limited, nine tenths of anything I do is with the church and then I taught for awhile at the Gila River reservation, at St. Peter's school. I renewed my acquaintance with a little girl and her mother. Her little girl is in the third grade now. When I go to mass we sit together. I have gotten to know her more within the year or so. I think I'll start visiting again, and maybe going out on a regular basis twice a week and help the children read. I would like to start doing that again. With all the other life issues, I belong to a group, ProLife, we pray the rosary every Saturday, in hopes to promote life and maybe shut down the probation clinic eventually; it wouldn't be the first time.
Photos courtesy of the families.
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Black Family and Child Services
Cindy Barnes Pharr
Group of gay rights activists.
Linda B. Rosenthal: 27 years of involvement